Sectoral FAQs on Textiles
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Question 1: As per Chapter 53 heading 5303 of the GST rate
schedule, raw jute has been kept at the NIL rate slab. Thus,
it is presumed that suppliers dealing only in raw jute are not
required to register themselves under GST. But Jute Mills
are asking their raw jute suppliers to mandatorily register
themselves else their supplies would not be accepted. Please
clarify whether raw jute suppliers are liable for registration?

Answer: Raw jute has been kept at NIL rate of GST i.e. there
would be no tax on raw jute. Therefore, as per Section 23 (1)
(a) of the CGST Act, 2017 the suppliers dealing only in raw jute
are not required to register.
Jute mills are not required to pay tax under Reverse Charge
Mechanism (RCM) as mentioned under Section 9(4) of the
CGST Act, 2017 because both the goods have been kept at
NIL rate of duty.
Similarly, Raw Silk has also been kept at NIL rate of GST i.e.
there would be no tax on raw silk. Therefore, the suppliers
dealing only in raw silk are also not required to register.

Question 2: Cotton under chapter heading 5201 and 5203 has
been kept in 5% rate slab. Does this mean that cotton farmer
is required to register under GST?

Answer: No. As per Section 23(1)(b) of the CGST Act, 2017 an
agriculturist, to the extent of supply of produce out of
cultivation of land is not liable to registration.

Question 3: Does the buyer of raw cotton (who is a
registered person) from the farmer need to pay GST on
Reverse Charge basis?

Answer: Yes. As the cotton under heading 5201 and 5203 has
been placed under 5% rate and the cotton farmer is not liable
to registration, the buyers of raw cotton (who are registered
persons) from the farmers are required to pay tax on reverse
charge basis as per Section 9 (4) of the CGST Act, 2017.

Question 4: In respect of goods classified under Chapters 61,
62 and 63, the rate of tax for goods of sale value not exceeding
Rs.1000/- is 5% and for those exceeding Rs.1000/- is 12%. Is
this value transaction value or MRP?

Answer: As per the rate schedule, all goods of sale value not
exceeding Rs.1000/- per piece would be taxed at 5% and the
goods of sale value exceeding Rs.1000/- per piece would be
taxed at 12%. Therefore, it is the sale value i.e. the transaction
value on which the tax has to be paid and not the MRP.

Question 5: No rates have been announced for Jute bags
and Jute blended bags. It is feared that they may be placed
under Chapter 42 for leather wherein the rate for leather
bags is indicated as 28%. It is suggested that the Jute bags
may be kept at zero % to promote production of green
Jute Diversified products for combating pollution and safe
guarding environment?

Answer: The bags made of jute are clearly specified in the
rate schedule under heading 4202 22 30. The rates for Hand
bags and shopping bags of jute is 18%.

Question 6: Man-made textile yarns have been kept at 18%
while fabrics have been kept at 5%. If I buy yarn worth Rs. 100
by paying tax at 18% i.e. Rs. 18/- and I sell grey fabrics at Rs.
150/- considering 50% value addition by paying tax at 5% i.e. Rs.
7.50, what will be the treatment of remaining input credit of
Rs. 11.50. Whether I would get refund of remaining credit and
how much credit would I get?

Answer: You will be eligible for full ITC of Rs. 18/- paid on your
inputs i.e. yarn but whatever credit remains unutilized will
remain in your electronic credit ledger and no refund of the
same will be allowed.

Question 7: We are a small saree manufacturer at Surat. We
buy ready dyed fabrics and get job work, hand work, stitching
etc. done to create designer sarees. Wholesalers and retailers
from all over India buy these sarees on credit basis for 30 days
to 240 days. I as a trader have some queries regarding implementation
of GST from 1st July 2017:
(a) Whatever is sold, 15-30% is returned. What would be
treatment of goods returned and how would I adjust my
taxliability if the entire GST has already
been paid?
(b) What would happen to my opening stock on 1st July 2017.
Will I get input credit on it or do I just need to supply it
after adding 5% GST on it?
(c) Is government assuring of payment within 180 days.
There are rumours that the wholesaler/retailer has to
pay within 180 days. Is it true?
(d) How will I make my invoices if a buyer under the
composition scheme come to buy our sarees?
(e) We are confused about GST implementation as there
was no tax on us before. Will we get relaxation for the
return filing?

(a) You can issue a credit note in respect of the goods
returned and adjust your tax liability if the person
returning the goods has reversed the credit availed by
him at the time of original supply. Such credit note cannot
be issued after September of the fol lowing year or
filing of annual return whichever is earlier.
(b) Full credit of the tax paid on the stock would be available
if the documents evidencing tax pay ment are available.
However, if only documents relating to procurement are
available with no documents evidencing tax payment,
deemed credit would be admissible in respect of textiles
only if the goods were taxable under the Central
Excise Act. Such credit would be available after the tax
has been paid on supply of these goods. This facility is
available for 6 months period only or till the date of sale
of such stock whichever is earlier and is limited to 40% of
the central tax paid by you.
(c) As per the second proviso to Section 16(2)(d) of the CGST
Act, 2017 if a recipient of the supply does not pay to its
supplier the value of the supply along with the tax within
180 days from the date of issue of invoice by the supplier,
the amount of ITC availed proportionate to the unpaid
amount would be added to the output tax liability of the
recipient of the supply along with the interest thereon.
The credit so reversed can be reclaimed when the value is
paid to the supplier along with the tax thereon. Thus the
government is not assuring payment within 180 days.
(d) A normal invoice has to be issued irrespective of
whether the buyer is under composition scheme
or not. The difference would be only when you
receive supplies from the person registered under the
composition scheme.
(e) Relaxation in filing of returns for the month of July and
August, 2017 has already been provided as per which
for the first two months of GST implementation, the tax
would be payable based on a simple return (Form GSTR-
3B) containing summary of outward and inward supplies
which will be submitted before 20th of the succeeding
month. However, the invoice-wise details in regular
GSTR – 1 would have to be filed for the month of July and
August, 2017 as per the timelines given below:

Month GSTR – 3B GSTR - 1 GSTR-2 (auto
populated from
By 20th
By 5th
6th – 10th
By 20th
By 20th
21st – 25th

Question 8: I have a manufacturing unit of Cotton trouser
where customer gives me fabric and I have to convert it into
trouser. What would be the rate applicable on me 5 % or 18 %?

Answer: The services provided by you fall under the category
of job work by virtue of the definition of job work provided
under Section 2 (68) of the CGST Act, 2017. The rate for job
work in relation to trouser, which is a wearing apparel, is 18%.

Question 9: We are manufacturing Floor Coverings falling under
Chapter 57. As per GST Council meeting dated 11.06.2017,
the rate on Coir mats, mattings and floor coverings falling
under Chapter 57 have been reduced from 12% to 5%. Kindly
clarify as to whether rate of 5% will be applicable on all types
of mattings and floor coverings of Chapter 57 or only to those
made of coir?

Answer: 5% rate will apply to only the specified items of coir.

Question 10: We are manufacturing laminated textile under
chapter 59. Previously, our product was exempted under
Notification no. 30/2004-CE. But in States we were paying
4% VAT. Also we are doing job work of textile lamination
for some customers. Our invoice value is sum total of raw
material used for job work, labour charges and profit. Under
GST regime:
(a) Whether we will get input credit on material?
(b) How can we make invoice, which rate, or we have to
make two different invoice, one for material used for
lamination and other for service charges?

(a) Yes. You would be eligible for credit of tax paid on
material used for job work.

(b) No. You are not required to raise two different invoices.
You would be raising one invoice similar one to what you
have been doing till now and GST at the applicable rate
will be charged on the invoice value. You can pay your tax
liability by using Input Tax Credit (ITC). However, invoice
should carry all the details as required by the CGST Act,
2017 and the CGST Rules.

Question 11: We are in Furnishing Fabrics Industries for curtain
and upholstery fabrics. We mainly deal in Woven, Knitted, Polyester
and Coated fabrics. You are requested to help us to know
the chapter number under which our fabrics as mentioned
herein above are covered and GST rate applicable to us?

Answer: The woven fabrics are classifiable under the various
headings depending upon their composition. The knitted or
crocheted fabrics fall under Chapter 60. Polyester fabrics
fall under Chapter 54 and 55 and Coated fabrics fall under
Chapter 59.

Question 12: There is a gross confusion on the tax applicable
for Embroidered Sarees and Fabric. Typically, principal manufacturers
supply fabric/Sarees to Job workers and get various
embroidery designs done on the fabric/sarees. We understand
that the textile jobworker would charge an output supply GST
of 5% on the composite jobwork supply. This embroidery fabric/
saree are then sold by the principal manufacturers to wholesale
and retail sellers. What would be the output GST applicable
on such embroidered fabric/sarees when the same is sold
by the principal manufacturer?

Answer: The rate of 5% would be chargeable on the job process
relating to the textile yarns (other than Man Made Fibre/
Filament) and fabrics. Sarees are treated as fabrics and
a saree remains fabrics only as no new item emerges having
distinct name, character and use. Stitching of two or more
different kinds of fabrics also does not take away its classification.
Therefore, the sarees whether embroidered or
not would be taxed at the same rate at which the fabric
is taxed.

Question 13: Will the 5 % fabric GST be applied or 12% GST of
embroidery strips/badges be applied?

Answer: Embroidery strips/ badges (narrow woven fabrics) are
classified under heading 5810 and chargeable to tax at 12%.

Question 14: What is the difference between Fabric and
Made-ups? Whether Shawl is a fabric or apparel or made-up.
What is the rate on Shawls?

Answer: Shawls fall in the category of articles of apparel and
clothing accessories and are classified under heading 61.17, if
knitted or crocheted and under heading 62.14, if not knitted or
crocheted. The rate of tax is 5% if the sale value of shawl does
not exceed Rs.1000/- per piece and the rate is 12% if the sale
value exceeds Rs.1000/- per piece.

Question 15: Dress material are sold by length. They can
include upto 3 pieces. These can be plain or embroidered
(value-addition or further worked upon). Where should dress
material be classified?

Answer: Dress sets are classified under heading 6307 and the
rate of tax on the dress materials/patterns is similar to the
apparels i.e. for dress material of sale value not exceeding
Rs.1000/-, tax at 5% would be charged and for dress material
of sale value exceeding Rs.1000/-, tax at 12% would be charged.

Question 16: Please clarify the ITC (HS) of yarn made from worn
clothing, the material composition of which varies from lot to
lot. It is uncertain as the clothing may be of cotton/woollen/
man made fibre?

Answer: Under HSN, the classification of yarn is on
predominance basis. So the yarn having predominance
of wool would fall under Chapter 51. If all kinds are in
equal proportion i.e. no fibre is predominant, it will get
classified in the chapter covering the fibre last in the
numerical order, so Chapter 54 or 55 in case MMF are present.

Question 17: What would be the GST rate on old cotton dhoti
used for cleaning purpose? It is a used product recycled for
cleaning purpose. Is there any GST on old dhoti because there
is no VAT on old dhoti?

Answer: Dhoti is classifiable under Chapter 52 or Chapter 54
as fabrics. Old dhoti is classifiable under heading 63.09 as
worn clothing. The tax for chapter 63 is similar to apparels
and related to sale value whereas cotton fabrics/man-made
fabrics, irrespective of value, are taxed at 5%. Whatever be
the classification, as presumably the old cotton dhoti would
be below the sale value of Rs.1000/- per piece, it would be
taxed at 5%.

Question 18: We are small traders of textile dealing in
Suiting, Shirting, Sarees, Dress Material, Blankets, Dhoti etc.
We have some queries regarding implementation of GST
from 1st July 2017:
(a) What will be the status of opening Stock of Textile items?
Will 5% be added on closing stock as on 30th June 2017?
(b) What is the GST rate in Fabrics, as there are various
types of fabrics like cotton, synthetics, man-made
fabrics, acrylic, Mixture of cotton and other fabrics etc.
Will there be flat rate of 5% on all fabrics or different rate?
(c) Please provide clarification on HSN number. Is it
mandatory to quote in invoice by B2C traders & B2B
traders? Further there are various codes in one type
of item, would it not create confusion among traders?
(d) As per news in CNBC, input tax credit would not
be allowed in textile for some period? Please clarify.
(e) Is Rs 1000/- bracket for 18% rate applicable on Sarees and
suit lengths or will it attract flat rate?

(a) When you make supplies out of this stock after 1st July,
2017 you will be liable to pay tax as applicable to the
goods sold by you.
(b) GST rate on fabric is flat 5% irrespective of composition.
(c) Upto Rs. 1.5 cr turnover, no HSN code is required to be
mentioned. For those having turnover of Rs. 1.5 to 5 Cr,
first 2 digits of the HSN code are required i.e. the chapter
number. Only those who have turnover above Rs. 5 Cr
are required to mention 4 digits of the HSN code. You
will start getting the HSN code in your supplier's invoice,
so it would not cause any issues once the supplies under
new regime take place.
(d) ITC would be admissible as per the Transitional
provisions of GST Law.
(e) Rate of tax linked to the sale value applies only to
garments and not for sarees and suilengths
which are fabrics.

Question 19: I am an un-registered trader dealing in textile
fabrics which was exempted from tax under the State VAT
Act. If I get registered under the GST Act, will I be eligible to
avail of input tax credit on my stock of goods lying on the
appointed day?

Answer: Since the goods you are dealing with are exempted
from tax under the State Act, you will not be eligible to avail
input tax credit as SGST under the SGST Act, 2017 on your
stock of goods lying on the appointed day.
But, you will be eligible to enjoy CENVAT credit as Central
Tax on your stock if you have invoices or other prescribed
documents evidencing payment of excise duty under the
existing law and such invoices/prescribed documents
were issued not earlier than twelve months immediately
preceding the appointed day.
Your product was not unconditionally exempt from the
whole of the duty of excise under the Central Excise Tariff.
If you do not possess invoices/other documents evidencing
payment of excise duty in respect of your stock of goods,
you will be allowed to avail input tax credit on goods held in
stock on the appointed day at the rate of 40% of the central
tax on your intra-State supply of goods after the appointed
day or 20% of the integrated tax on your inter-State supply of
goods after paying central tax/integrated tax on such supply.
You are allowed to enjoy the scheme for six months from the
appointed day or till such stock is sold out, whichever is
earlier, and tax paid by you shall be credited as central tax in
your electronic credit ledger.

Question 20: I am a manufacturer of readymade garments.
If I send any inputs to the job worker, will it be treated as
taxable supply under the GST Act? Can I supply the goods
after completion of job work from the place of business of
the job worker?

Answer: You can send your inputs or capital goods to a
job-worker for job work without payment of tax and also
bring back the same, after completion of job work, within
one year or three years respectively.
You can also supply the inputs or capital goods from the
place of business of the job worke subject to the condition
condition that you have to declare the place of business of
the job-worker as your additional place of business if the
job-worker is not a registered person.
However, if the inputs or the capital goods, other than
moulds and dies, jigs and fixtures or tools, which have been
sent to the job-worker are not received back within the
specified time period, it shall be deemed that you have
supplied the inputs or capital goods on the day when you
have sent it to the job-worker and you have to pay tax on
such supply accordingly.

Note: Reference to CGST Act, 2017 includes reference to
SGST Act, 2017 and UTGST Act, 2017 also.

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